Gog and Magog II

In part one we have established that Gog and Magog almost certainly are located in the Caucuses region, but before you jump into rushing conclusions let's examine more historical references to help us decide the starting point of our scientific expedition in Quest of Gog and Magog...

Let's scroll through related references from the pages of the Syrian origin Christian Legend concerning Alexander (circa 480 to 520 AD):

(144) An exploit by Alexander, the son of Philip the Macedonian, showing how he went forth to the ends of the world, and made a gate of iron, and shut it in the face of the north wind, that the Hunaye "Huns" might not come forth to spoil the countries (from the manuscripts in the house of the archives of the kings of Alexandria).

(148) And Alexander looked towards the West, and he found a mountain that descends, and its name was "the great Musas" (could be Mount Ararat in Turkey, which was called Musas which Gilgamesh was believed to have climbed; several Gilgamesh legends became Alexander legends, just as the Moses myth of the baby set adrift in a basket to escape a massacre of children became a King-Arthur-and-Mordred myth); and the troops descended it and came out upon Mount Klaudia, and ate bread there.

(149) Then they went down to the source of the Euphrates, and they found that it came forth from a cave; and they came to Haluras, where the Tigris goes forth like the stream that turns a mill, and they ate bread in Haluras. And they departed from thence and went to the river Kallath; and they descended the mountain which is called Ramath, where there is a watch-tower. And Alexander and his troops stood upon the top of the mountain and saw the four quarters of the heavens. And Alexander said, "Let us go forth by the way to the north"; and they came to the confines of the north, and entered Armenia and Adarbaijan and Inner Armenia... And Alexander passed through all these places; and he went and passed Mount Musas and entered a plain which is Bahi-Lebta, and he went and encamped by the gate of a great mountain. Now there was a road across it by which great merchants entered the inner countries, and by it did Alexander encamp.

"He sends heralds out, requesting that three hundred men advanced in years come to meet him. These men tell him that the land belongs to Tubarlak, king of Persia".

(150) Alexander said to them, "How far does the mountain descend in that direction?" They answered him, "This mountain extends without a break, passing by the sea of Beth-Katraye, and goes on and comes to an end in outer Persia near India..." Alexander said, "This mountain is higher and more terrible than all the mountains which I have seen". The old men, natives of the country, said to the king, "Yea, by your majesty, my lord the king, neither we nor our fathers have been able to march one step upon it, and men do not ascend it either on that side or on this, for it is the boundary which God has sent between us and the nations within it". Alexander said, "Who are the nations within this mountain upon which we are looking?" The natives of the country said, "They are Huns". He said to them, "Who are their kings?" The old men said, "Gog and Magog and Nawal the kings of the sons of Japheth..."

A long list of names follows:

(153) When Alexander had heard what the old men said, he marveled greatly at the great sea which surrounded all creation; and Alexander said to his troops, "Do you desire that we should do something wonderful in this land?" They said to him, "As thy majesty commands we will do". The king said, "Let us make a gate of brass and close up this breach". His troops said, "thy majesties will is our commands we". And Alexander commanded and fetched three thousand smiths, workers in iron, and three thousand men, workers in brass. And they put down brass and iron, and kneaded it as a man kneads when he works clay. Then they brought it and made a gate, the length of which was twelve cubits and its breadth eight cubits. And they made a lower threshold from mountain to mountain, the length of which was twelve cubits; and they hammered it into the rocks of the mountains, and it was fixed in with brass and iron...

(154) And king Alexander fetched an engraver and inscribed upon the gate: The Huns shall go forth and conquer the countries of the Romans and of the Persians, and shall cast arrows... and shall return and enter their own land. Also I have written that, at the conclusion of eight hundred and twenty-six years, the Huns shall go forth by the narrow way which goes forth opposite Haloras, whence the Tigris goes forth like the stream which turns a mill, and they shall make the earth tremble by their going forth.

(Details are given of the fall of the gate, which shall herald the end of the world).

(155) And when the Huns have gone forth, as God has commanded, the kingdoms of the Huns and the Persians and the Arabs, the twenty-four kingdoms that are written in this book, shall come from the ends of the heavens and fall upon one another, and the earth shall melt through the blood and dung of men.